INTRODUCTORY ESSAY. 137
Lar/erstroemia parviflora, Terminalia, Conocarpus, Nauclea
corctifolia, Diospyros, Teak, Santalum album, Alnus integri-
folia, Trophis aspera, Bambusa, etc. etc.
The absence of winter, and the great heat of the dry season
from December to June, give a predominance to arid types,
especially to those which have been already indicated as in-
tolerant of cold. Pew palms are indigenous, except in the
dense western forest. Phwniae sylvestris, however, occurs,
and Areca Catechu, Cocos, and Borawus are cultivated exten-
sively. During the more humid summer season a number of
Balsams spring up; a genus unknown at that season in the
hotter and drier Carnatic.
Our earliest knowledge of the plants of Mysore is due to the
indefatigable Buchanan Hamilton, in whose travels many de-
tails regarding the aspect of its vegetation will be found. It
has since been partially investigated by many botanists, in
particular by Heyne and by Wight, but a detailed list of its
plants is still a desideratum.
The Dekhan embraces the whole of the country between
the Kistna and the Godavery, except a very narrow belt along
the Bay of Bengal, which is included in the. Carnatic. To the
west it is separated from the ocean by a narrow strip of land,
the Concan, the crest of the mountain axis forming the (phy-
sical) boundary between the two provinces. To the north, a.
low range separates it from Khandcsh, and further cast the
Godavery forms an artificial boundary between it and Berar.
The mountain-chain which forms the axis of the peninsula
is considerably lower in its northern half than farther south.
North of Nagar, it appears to dip rather abruptly, fco that
between Goa and Belgaum it is very much depressed,-and
presents scarcely any perceptible elevation above the' stir-
face of the table-land, which is there 2500 feet, further
north, thte elevation of the table-land gradually diminishes,
notwithstanding the increasing width of the coitt'ijicut. At